On September 2nd, in 44 B.C., Cleopatra VII proclaimed her then three year old son Caesarion her co-ruler as as Ptolemy XV Philopator Philometor Caesar. Because of his young age, he was Pharaoh in name only and his mother kept all the real authority to herself.
Her previous co-ruler was her half brother/husband, Ptolemy XIV. There was an inscription dating him as alive at the end of July of that year and it is sometimes assumed, though unproven, that Cleopatra had him poisoned in order to replace him with her son.
On this day in history, 12 August, in 1469, Execution of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and father to Queen Elizabeth Woodville, and his son John Woodville at Kenilworth on the order of the Earl of Warwick.
Richard Woodville, 1st Earl of Rivers, d. 1469, English nobleman. He was knighted (1426) by Henry VI and acquired wealth and power by marrying (c.1436) Jacquetta of Luxemburg, widow of John of Lancaster, duke of Bedford. He served in the wars in France and helped suppress the rebellion (1450) of Jack Cade in England. In the Wars of the Roses, Rivers fought for Henry VI until the Lancastrian defeat at Towton (1461). He then transferred his loyalty to the Yorkist Edward IV, to whom he gave his daughter Elizabeth in marriage in 1464. He and his family soon received extensive royal favors, Rivers himself becoming treasurer and then constable (1467) of England. He was created earl in 1466. The favoritism shown the Woodville faction embittered Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, who rebelled in 1469. Richard and John who were fighting on Edward’s side were captured and executed.
August 4, 1901: Louis Armstrong is Born
On this day in 1901, Jazz trumpeter Louis Armstrong, nicknamed “Satchmo,” was born in New Orleans, the birthplace of jazz. Armstrong is best known for his inventive and energetic performing style which focused primarily on solos rather than ensembles. In addition to singing and playing the trumpet, Armstrong also appeared in over 30 movies and wrote two autobiographies during his lifetime.
Photo: Library of Congress
The young Archduchess arrived in Versailles on 16 May. After entering the grounds of the Château through the ornamental gates around 10 am, she was installed in the grand apartment of the queen where she prepared for the official wedding in the royal chapel. At 1 pm she made her entry into the king’s study. The Dauphin, dressed in a suit of gold with the diamond of the Holy Spirit, took her hand.
Followed by the king and the princes of royal blood, the young couple crossed the grand apartment packed with people. In the chapel they knelt in front of the altar where the Archbishop of Reims officiated. The king and the royal family surrounded them on their prie-dieus. The dauphin placed the ring on the slender finger of his bride. After the ceremony came the signing of the marriage registry. In his apartment in the early afternoon, the Dauphine received her wedding presents from the groom: a splendid carved chest containing a profusion of jewellery and precious objects.