This Day

edwardslovelyelizabeth:

On this day in history, 12 August, in 1469, Execution of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and father to Queen Elizabeth Woodville, and his son John Woodville at Kenilworth on the order of the Earl of Warwick.

Richard Woodville, 1st Earl of Rivers, d. 1469, English nobleman. He was knighted (1426) by Henry VI and acquired wealth and power by marrying (c.1436) Jacquetta of Luxemburg, widow of John of Lancaster, duke of Bedford. He served in the wars in France and helped suppress the rebellion (1450) of Jack Cade in England. In the Wars of the Roses, Rivers fought for Henry VI until the Lancastrian defeat at Towton (1461). He then transferred his loyalty to the Yorkist Edward IV, to whom he gave his daughter Elizabeth in marriage in 1464. He and his family soon received extensive royal favors, Rivers himself becoming treasurer and then constable (1467) of England. He was created earl in 1466. The favoritism shown the Woodville faction embittered Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, who rebelled in 1469. Richard and John who were fighting on Edward’s side were captured and executed.

edwardslovelyelizabeth:

On this day in history, 12 August, in 1469, Execution of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and father to Queen Elizabeth Woodville, and his son John Woodville at Kenilworth on the order of the Earl of Warwick.

Richard Woodville, 1st Earl of Rivers, d. 1469, English nobleman. He was knighted (1426) by Henry VI and acquired wealth and power by marrying (c.1436) Jacquetta of Luxemburg, widow of John of Lancaster, duke of Bedford. He served in the wars in France and helped suppress the rebellion (1450) of Jack Cade in England. In the Wars of the Roses, Rivers fought for Henry VI until the Lancastrian defeat at Towton (1461). He then transferred his loyalty to the Yorkist Edward IV, to whom he gave his daughter Elizabeth in marriage in 1464. He and his family soon received extensive royal favors, Rivers himself becoming treasurer and then constable (1467) of England. He was created earl in 1466. The favoritism shown the Woodville faction embittered Richard Neville, earl of Warwick, who rebelled in 1469. Richard and John who were fighting on Edward’s side were captured and executed.

(via catherinedefrance)

pbsthisdayinhistory:

August 4, 1901: Louis Armstrong is Born
On this day in 1901, Jazz trumpeter Louis Armstrong, nicknamed “Satchmo,” was born in New Orleans, the birthplace of jazz. Armstrong is best known for his inventive and energetic performing style which focused primarily on solos rather than ensembles.  In addition to singing and playing the trumpet, Armstrong also appeared in over 30 movies and wrote two autobiographies during his lifetime.
Check out PBS Digital Studios’ Blank on Blank video on how Louis Armstrong became “Satchmo.”
Photo: Library of Congress

pbsthisdayinhistory:

August 4, 1901: Louis Armstrong is Born

On this day in 1901, Jazz trumpeter Louis Armstrong, nicknamed “Satchmo,” was born in New Orleans, the birthplace of jazz. Armstrong is best known for his inventive and energetic performing style which focused primarily on solos rather than ensembles.  In addition to singing and playing the trumpet, Armstrong also appeared in over 30 movies and wrote two autobiographies during his lifetime.

Check out PBS Digital Studios’ Blank on Blank video on how Louis Armstrong became “Satchmo.”

Photo: Library of Congress

ourpresidents:

Today in 1964 — The bodies of three missing civil rights workers in Mississippi are found.  

In the summer of 1964,  James Earl Chaney, Andrew Goodman, and Michael Schwerner set out for the Mississippi Freedom Summer.  They were among almost 1000 students who had signed up to further civil rights in Mississippi through community programs  and voter registration.

In anticipation of hostile working conditions, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee for the Freedom Summer project had requested federal assistance in early June to protect the civil rights workers and enforce their rights. A June 10 letter to LBJ stated:

"The record is full of intimidations, arrests, beatings, shootings, and even murder, inflicted upon Negro and white citizens.  It is clear beyond doubt that they cannot depend upon the State of Mississippi for protection."

Less than two weeks later, Lee White, LBJ’s aide, received a phone call informing him of the disappearance of three civil rights workers in Mississippi. The next day he wrote the memo shown above.

The remains of Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner were found on August 4, 1964.  LBJ was at the White House, working on the passage of the poverty bill. His day was first interrupted by  reports of a new attack in the Gulf of Tonkin.  

During a Security Council meeting, the President received a call from Assistant FBI Director, Cartha “Deke” Deloach, informing him that the bodies, missing since June, had been found.

-from the LBJ Library 

Documents:

Memo to the Record, Lee White, 6/23/64, “Mississippi Summer Project Voter Registration,” Office Files of Lee White, Box 6, LBJ Library.

Memo, Alexander to White, 6/10/64, “Mississippi Summer Project Voter Registration,” Office Files of Lee White, Box 6, LBJ Library.

artschoolglasses:

potterheadache:

June 26, 1997: Harry Potter and the Philosopher’s Stone, Published.
The Harry Potter series is officially 17 years old today.

Harry Potter was first released on my birthday? This makes me so happy.

(via tiny-librarian)

tiny-librarian:

The young Archduchess arrived in Versailles on 16 May. After entering the grounds of the Château through the ornamental gates around 10 am, she was installed in the grand apartment of the queen where she prepared for the official wedding in the royal chapel. At 1 pm she made her entry into the king’s study. The Dauphin, dressed in a suit of gold with the diamond of the Holy Spirit, took her hand.

Followed by the king and the princes of royal blood, the young couple crossed the grand apartment packed with people. In the chapel they knelt in front of the altar where the Archbishop of Reims officiated. The king and the royal family surrounded them on their prie-dieus. The dauphin placed the ring on the slender finger of his bride. After the ceremony came the signing of the marriage registry. In his apartment in the early afternoon, the Dauphine received her wedding presents from the groom: a splendid carved chest containing a profusion of jewellery and precious objects. 
Source

tiny-librarian:

The young Archduchess arrived in Versailles on 16 May. After entering the grounds of the Château through the ornamental gates around 10 am, she was installed in the grand apartment of the queen where she prepared for the official wedding in the royal chapel. At 1 pm she made her entry into the king’s study. The Dauphin, dressed in a suit of gold with the diamond of the Holy Spirit, took her hand.


Followed by the king and the princes of royal blood, the young couple crossed the grand apartment packed with people. In the chapel they knelt in front of the altar where the Archbishop of Reims officiated. The king and the royal family surrounded them on their prie-dieus. The dauphin placed the ring on the slender finger of his bride. After the ceremony came the signing of the marriage registry. In his apartment in the early afternoon, the Dauphine received her wedding presents from the groom: a splendid carved chest containing a profusion of jewellery and precious objects.

Source

georgianaspencer:

Today in History: May 16th, 1770 - Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette of Austria are married

A fourteen year-old Marie Antoinette and fifteen year-old Louis were married to form a political alliance that was supposed to stabilize often hostile relations between Austria and France. Although the marriage was always said to be amiable, Louis was very shy (it is also rumoured he suffered from phimosis, something royal doctors already stated in late 1772) and the marriage was not consummated for seven years. However, in 1778, the first of their four children was born, also the only one to survive past childhood. The couple was executed during the French Revolution, 8 months apart, after 23 years of marriage. After the death of her husband on January 21st 1793, Marie Antoinette went into deep mourning, refusing to eat or exercise. She was executed on October 16th, 1793. Their bodies were thrown in an unmarked grave. In 1815 their bodies were exhumed, and the couple is now buried at the Basilica of Saint-Dennis, a northern suburb of Paris.

(via tiny-librarian)

tiny-librarian:

Surrounded by the dignitaries of the Church and State, all these people waited for the young Archduchess on the morning of 14 May at Compiegne. By a special favour Choiseul had been allowed to meet her and to conduct her on the last stage of her journey. He was presented to her by Starhemberg. “I shall never forget, Monsieur,” said the tactful child, “That I owe my happiness to you.” “And that of France,” said the equally adroit Minister. He entered her coach and together they drove the last few miles of the way. When the head of the cortege was seen, the King descended from his carriage and accompanied by the Dauphin took a few steps towards the Archduchess, but she was before him; springing lightly to the ground she ran and sank to her knees, he raised her with a kiss, and presented her to the young man who touched her cheek with his lips.

The Tragic Queen - Dorothy Moulton Mayer

tiny-librarian:

On May 14th, 1643, Louis XIII of France died.

He left as his heir his four year old son, who would become the legendary Louis XIV. Popularly referred to as the Sun King, he was infamous for his  military endeavours and his colourful love life, as well as the building of the Palace of Versailles.

He went on to become the longest reigning monarch in European history, ruling France for 72 years, 110 days, and that record still stands today.

May 7th 1915: Lusitania is torpedoed and sinks in 18 minutes. Taking with her over 1,100 souls.

(Source: icouldadrowned, via oedipus-sex)

mamalaz:

Mirror of Erised Merlin AU

While Merlin is a Professor at Hogwarts, he visits Arthur every night, even if it is only an image of him in a mirror.

(via fiyaah)